DRAMA

DRAMA, city in Macedonia, Greece. benjamin of tudela found 140 Jews in Drama in c. 1165. Documentation points to the settlement of a small Jewish community of merchants in Drama from the beginning of the 17th century who brought their legal problems to the Salonikan bet din. During the years 1671–68, the Hebron emissary Rabbi moses ha-levi nazir visited the community. After the fall of Ottoman Hungary in 1689, Jews from Buda settled in Drama. Jewish merchants carried goods in caravans from Drama to other towns. In 1900 the Jewish community numbered 45 families, or 150 people. Many Jews from Serres settled in Drama in 1913 after a large fire erupted under Bulgarian occupation. Before World War II the Jews were engaged in commerce (especially in tobacco); some were craftsmen or in the liberal professions. In 1934, the Zionist Geula organization was founded. In 1940 there were 1,200 Jews in the town. In 1941 Drama was occupied by the Bulgarians, who requisitioned all the Jewish enterprises. Jewish-owned capital in the banks was also confiscated. On March 4, 1943, the Jews of the community were arrested by the Bulgarian police and army, held in tobacco warehouses in the Agia Barbara quarter for three days, and then sent to the Gorna Djumaya camp in Bulgaria, where they were kept in extremely harsh conditions. From there, young men in their teens and early twenties were sent to forced labor in Bulgaria and 113 families (589 people) were dispatched by train to Lom and from there put on a boat to Vienna, where they were reloaded on trains to Treblinka and gassed upon their arrival.   In 1948 there were 39 Jews in Drama and in 1958, 17. A Holocaust memorial plaque was inaugurated in 1999. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Rosanes, Togarmah, 3 (1938), 77; H. Pardo, in: Fun Letstn Khurbn, 7 (1948), 88–90. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Rivlin, "Drama," in: Pinkas Kehillot Yavan (1999), 93–97. (Simon Marcus / Yitzchak Kerem (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Drama — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Contenido 1 Género dramático 2 Antecedentes históricos 3 El drama como género literario …   Wikipedia Español

  • Drama! — Single by Erasure from the album Wild! B side …   Wikipedia

  • dramă — DRÁMĂ, drame, s.f. 1. Piesă de teatru cu caracter grav, în care se redă imaginea vieţii reale în datele ei contradictorii, în conflicte puternice şi complexe, adesea într un amestec de elemente tragice şi comice. ♢ Dramă lirică (sau muzicală) =… …   Dicționar Român

  • Drama — Drama. Drama bedeutet (nach dem Griechischen) eine Handlung. Gewöhnlich bezeichnet man mit diesem Worte das Schauspiel, welches zwischen dem Trauerspiele und Lustspiele in der Mitte steht; als Kunstausdruck hingegen umfaßt Drama das ganze Gebiet… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • drama — sustantivo masculino 1. Uso/registro: literario. Obra literaria, en verso o en prosa, compuesta para ser representada, que se desarrolla a través del diálogo directo de los personajes: El drama siempre ha interesado al público. drama litúrgico… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Drama — Dra ma (dr[aum] m[.a] or dr[=a] m[.a]; 277), n. [L. drama, Gr. dra^ma, fr. dra^n to do, act; cf. Lith. daryti.] 1. A composition, in prose or poetry, accommodated to action, and intended to exhibit a picture of human life, or to depict a series… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • drama — (Del lat. drama, y este del gr. δρᾶμα). 1. m. Obra perteneciente a la poesía dramática. 2. Obra de teatro o de cine en que prevalecen acciones y situaciones tensas y pasiones conflictivas. 3. Suceso de la vida real, capaz de interesar y conmover… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Drama 2.0 — is a multi platform television format. The goal of this format is to synchronize scripted content with user generated content. The TV drama invites the audience to participate online and in reality, offering various layers of involvement. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Drama — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus spl. drāma Schauspiel , dieses aus gr. drãma, eigentlich Handlung, Geschehen , zu gr. drãn handeln, tun . Die Bedeutung tragisches Geschehen (usw.) ergibt sich aus der Verallgemeinerung des Geschehens in …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • drama — drȁma ž <G mn drȃmā> DEFINICIJA 1. a. jedan od triju glavnih književnih rodova (uz liriku i epiku) b. književno djelo u kojem se neko zbivanje prikazuje pretežno kroz akciju i govor likova, a namijenjeno je prikazivanju u kazalištu ili… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.